Boag, S. (2017). On dreams & motivation: comparison of Freud’s & Hobson’s Views. Front. Psychol. 7:2001. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.02001
The merits of Freudian dream theory continue to be debated and both supporters and critics appeal to empirical evidence to support their respective positions. What receives much less attention is the theoretical coherency of either Freudian dream theory or alternative perspectives. This paper examines Freudian dream theory and J. Allan Hobson’s alternative position by addressing the role of motivation in dreams. This paper first discusses motivation in Freudian theory and its relation to dreams and disguise-censorship. The role of motivation in Hobson’s theory is then considered. Hobson’s claim that dream plot and content selection is random and based on design error and functional imbalance is then discussed in relation to the protoconsciousness theory proposal that dreams serve an adaptive function. While there are apparent inconsistencies in Hobson’s position, his appeal to emotions and instincts provides a preliminary platform for understanding the role of motivation in dreams that is consonant with the Freudian position.
Congratulations to Claudio Colace for his excellent new book examining the relevance of drug dreams for understanding and assessing Freudian dream theory (see here for further details). This follows up his other excellent book on psychoanalysis and children’s dreams that he published back in 2010 (see here for further details).
Colace Book Drug Dreams
“Drug dreams”, or the dreams in which drug-dependent patients use or attempt to use the drugs that they are addicted to, are a well-documented clinical phenomenon in various forms of drug addiction. Authors have highlighted their clinical, prognostic and therapeutic usefulness, since they provide information about the patients’ “drug craving”, their ability to cope with it, and their motivation to stay clean and sober. However, the study of drug dreams also reveals several implications and inspiration for general dream research and theory, especially with respect to the recent neuropsychology of dreaming, the emotional adaptive theories of dream, and the classical Freudian theory of dreams.
This book is aimed at providing a systematic and comprehensive discussion on drug dreams by considering the various perspectives involved (such as therapy in drug addiction, the neurobiology of drug craving, affective neuroscience, dream research) and, ideally, at suggesting future clinical applications for therapists (counsellors, psychotherapists, clinicians) in charge of treating drug-addicted patients, as well as providing input for dream researchers. The book draws from the author’s clinical and research experience on drug dreams among heroin-addicted patients, as well as from the scientific literature in this field. The book is composed of three parts: the phenomenology of drug dreams, their clinical and therapeutic aspects, and their implications for the dream research and theory.